BRAZIL (South America)
One of the major producing countries is Brazil, participating in global coffee production by 30%. The country produces mainly the Arabica variety. Due to the high volume and the large geographical scope of the various production areas there is great variation in the quality of coffee. Coffee from Brazil is characterized by medium body, mild acidity, balanced flavor and a sweet taste that lasts.
It all started in 1727 when Francisco de Melo Palheta, in Para state, planted the first coffee tree. The coffee spread from Para in Rio de Janeiro in 1770. At first coffee only planted for domestic consumption until the 19th century, when the demand of coffee began to grow in America and Europe. Since 1820 the coffee plantations began to expand in Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paolo and in the region Minas Gerais, representing 20% of world production. Since 1830, Brazil became the largest coffee exporter, accounting for 30% of world production. From 1880 to 1930 showed a remarkable increase in coffee production. The increase in production has created greater demand for labor from that Brazil could offer. Millions of immigrants moved to Sao Paulo, turning it from a small town to the largest industrial center in the developing world. Characteristic of the situation is to increase the population of 30,000 was in 1850 to 240,000 in 1900. By 1920, Brazil supplied 80% of world coffee production. Currently supplies nearly 60% of total production in the world of coffee.
It is the largest coffee growing area in Brazil and indeed represents 50% of the country’s production. Coffee cultivation expanded to 2.488 million acres! Specifically: Sul Minas.Periochi mild climate and favorable rains. The average size of exploitable land is 24 acres (10 hectares). As a method of treatment followed by pulping and washing in natural ways.
Cerrado de Minas
This area includes plateaus, with mountainous tropical climate, characterized by rainy summers and dry winters ideal for growing high quality coffee. The farms in this area are characterized by medium to large size. The average productivity is 9.7 bags per acre. And in this area processing methods are in natural ways.
Area characterized by high plateaus, alternating with valleys and crossed by rivers. Washing and processing are naturally.
Matas de Minas
This area has rough areas with a hot and humid climate. And here the processing methods are naturally.
The region ranks second in the production of coffee in Brazil, the production of the variety Arabica reaching 28% in coffee yield. The arable land in the coffee area reaches 1,137,128 acres. specifically:
Montanhas do Espirito Santo
The Arabica production is developed due to mild temperatures and mountainous areas. The coffee is processed with natural methods.
Coffee is cultivated in small properties at low altitudes. And the processing method is mainly naturally.