EL SALVADOR (Central America)
The republic of El Salvador in Spanish means “The Savior” is a country in Central America. It is the most populous state in the US mainland. It is the most industrialized country in the region.
The coffee production was a catalyst for the evolution of life in the country in terms of economic, social, political and historical. The coffee was first cultivated in El Salvador in the 19th century and was originally intended only for domestic consumption. However, since 1880 the coffee was an export product and increasingly important for the economy. The huge profits earned as exportable coffee monoculture served as impetus for a development in which the land was concentrated in the hands of an oligarchy of a few hundred families. Despite the succession of Presidents from the ranks of the Salvadoran oligarchy, conservative and liberal, throughout the second half of the 19th century, it observed that all agreed to promote coffee as the dominant product for it and contributed to the development of the country’s infrastructure such as rail and port facilities projects which greatly facilitated the trade in coffee. also offered incentives for people, giving tax exemptions, exemption from military service for coffee workers and elimination of export duties for new producers. At the same time, they abolished communal landholdings to facilitate production. The coffee production flourished in the 20th century, reaching its peak in the late 1970s By 1980 coffee accounted for 50% of gross domestic product. However, the 1980 Civil War affected the production of coffee and caused widespread reduction in production and export of coffee. After the war, the coffee producers started to invest in technology to farms and the planting of new varieties. This renewed interest, inspired the creation of the “Institution of Coffee» (Institution of Coffee). All these factors contributed to the development of the coffee industry, turning it once again into a significant economic factor in the country. Today, the country is trying to tackle the spread of the fungus Hemileia vastatrix (coffee leaf rust disease roya or as it is called in Central America). Many producers continue to insist on the taste of the Bourbon variety, although it is fragile. Indeed, many inhabitants wear the Bourbon mark as honor and pride.
Producers are loyal to this coffee variety because of the large body and sweetness of. also characterized by normal to high acidity with an intense aroma, sweet and pleasant taste like chocolate.
Apaneca – Ilamatepeq
(500-2365masl) is the most developed area in cultivation. There are the largest coffee crops. The main varieties are Bourbon, Pacas and various derivatives Bourbon.
El Balsamo – Quetzaltepeque
(500-1960masl) This area is the San Salvador volcano, offering fertile ground in the region. Varieties in this region is Bourbon, Pacas Bourbon and various derivatives.
ALOTEPEC – METAPAN
(1000-2000masl) is a small volcanic area located to the northwest and is known for producing the most quality coffee in the country. The sites found in this region is Bourbon, Pacas, Pacamara, Catuai and Catimor.
(500-1663masl) Most of the producers in that area are very small farms (5-10 hectares). Varieties in this region is Bourbon, Pacas and various varieties.
(500-1000masl) The Chichontepec volcano is located between the La Paz area and San Vicente. The plantations in this region are located on the slopes of the volcano. The varieties of the region are Bourbon, Pacas and mixture of Bourbon with Pacas.
(500-2139masl) This is a mountainous area with varieties Bourbon, Pacas and mixture of Bourbon with Pacas.
Altitude Range: 500-1800m
Annual coffee production: 844.000 bags
Varieties: Bourbon, Pacas and Pacamara
Avg Farm Size: 5-50 hectares