NICARAGUA (CENTRAL AMERICA)
Nicaragua is a country in Central America and has been designated as a “country of lakes and volcanoes.” It borders with Honduras, South with Costa Rica, east bordering the Caribbean Sea and west by the Pacific Ocean.
During the 1980s, while many Central American countries were involved in the cultivation «specialty-coffee», Nicaragua was still behind in this area. Political and economic difficulties during this period significantly affected the productive sector of the country, hence the coffee industry. During the Sandinista government, strict auditing forced farmers to sell at low prices, resulting in the inability to reinvest in their farms. This brought the quality of coffee production low. These practices came to an end when they were held free elections during the 1990s tranquility prevailed in the political and economic scene, and new incentives resulted in the inflow of capital in the coffee industry. New programs were created and pushed coffee farmers in innovative production and processing techniques, thereby enhancing their quality coffee to make Nicaragua an important player in the «specialty-coffee» industry.
The coffee production is divided into three regions: north central, northeast and south pacific.
This region consists of Matagalpa cities, Jinotega, and Boaco. The majority (83.80%) of the total production comes from the northern part of the country. The Isabelia mountains, Peñas Blancas, Matagalpa and Jinotega create different microclimates that help the production of coffee.
The regions Madriz, Nueva Segovia, Estelí and form this part. This area accounts for 13.60% of total production. Municipalities Dipilto and Jalapa between Nueva Segovia include most coffee plantations.
The Carazo, Granada, Masaya, Managua and Rivas are productive coffee areas in the section of the South Pacific. We meet lower altitudes in this region, thus produced less coffee.
Altitude Range: 800-1500m
Harvest: October to March
Annual Coffee Production: 1,500,000 sacks
Varieties: Arabica – Caturra, Bourbon, Pacamara, Maragogype, Maracaturra, Catuai, Catimor
Avg Farm Size: Small producers with plantations less than 3 hectares